Hepatitis C is a liver disease triggered by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can induce both chronic and acute hepatitis, going in intensity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, ongoing illness.
What is Hepatitis C
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Globally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A significant number of those who are chronically affected will acquire cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die annually from hepatitis C, mainly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medicines can cure more than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, in doing so reducing the possibility of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at this time no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this field is ongoing.
Acute vs Chronic Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both chronic and acute infection. Acute HCV infection is commonly asymptomatic, and is only very almost never (if ever) connected with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection with no treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will get chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your biggest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this painstaking, supersized organ is vulnerable to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver
NAFLD is defined as the existence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most prevalent liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease raises your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can bring about an inflamed liver, a best prices
condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
In fact, as many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can cause scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Drinking too much alcohol can cause fat buildup in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main primary cause is surplus weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is linked to buy now
dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a regular diet of more highly processed foods and high amounts of carbohydrates, along with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. She adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk factors, which suggests that genes can play an important role.
Eating healthy and balanced
Creating healthy eating habits isn't as complex or as limiting as many people imagine. The vital steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Begin on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.